Polish adoption procedures are complicated, time consuming, and often require professional legal guidance.  The entire process may take a year or more.  Two trips to Poland may sometimes be necessary before all requirements are completed.  There is a 21-day appeal period between the time of the final adoption hearing and the time the court’s decision goes into legal force.  At the judge’s discretion, this appeal period may be shortened to 14 days.   In general, prospective adoptive parents can expect to stay in Poland for at least four to six weeks before they can obtain all proper documentation and a new passport for the child.