Brazil adoption process

typographyBecause Brazil is party to the Hague Adoption Convention, adopting from Brazil must follow a specific process designed to meet the Convention’s requirements...  Readmore...

Adoption requirements in Brazil

typographyPersons over the age of 21 may adopt, regardless of marital status.  The adopting party must be at least 16 years older than the potential adoptee...  Readmore...

Brazil is a Hague-accredited country. The adoption authority in the country is the Autoridade Central Administrativa Federal (ACAF), working in conjunction with the Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs (CEJA). Parents who are seeking to adopt from Brazil should be willing to be patient and flexible, as the country of Brazil works through their first processes with a federal central authority. Furthermore, the adoption process will require one trip to Brazil by the adopting parents. Applicants for this program should also be between 21 and older.

Brazil is a country with a population of more than 203 million people. Most Brazilians speak Portuguese and are Roman Catholic. The warm Brazilian culture prides itself on kindness and hospitality to others. Brazil contains a vast majority of natural resources resulting from the Amazon Rain Forest. The country is made up of dunes, lagoons, and coral reefs. It is also well known for its production of sugarcane, soybeans, rice, tropical fruit, and coffee.

Despite Brazil being renowned worldwide for its adoption system, many doubts remain as to who can apply to adopt Brazilian children and adolescents. According to a report by CNA, which is the National Adoption Register in Brazil, there were over 5.400 children and adolescents ready for adoption in Brazil in 2015. Of these, 3.000 were male and 2.400 were female. Also, slightly more than 32% of all children and adolescents ready for adoption in Brazil were caucasians.

As of today, the process of adopting a child in Brazil is much easier and more systematized than previously, especially before the creation of the CNA, but it is still characterized by its long duration. The whole process of adopting a child in Brazil from beginning to end takes at least a year.

In order to adopt children or adolescents in Brazil, it is necessary to be at least 18 years old, be 16 years older than the adopted children or adolescents and offer an appropriate family environment. Children and adolescents may not be adopted by their grandparents or siblings. People who are single, divorced or widowed, can apply for adoption, provided that they live in stable socioeconomic conditions.

Adoption from Brazil can be a very lengthy process. Children available for adoption to the U.S. are generally between the ages of 9 and 12, sibling groups, special needs, mixed race, and reside in orphanages. Only when a Brazilian home cannot be found for an adoptable child is that child eligible for intercountry adoption. Potential adoptive parents must be at least 18 years old and 16 years or more older than the adoptable children.

Travel required: Prospective parents are required to live in Brazil with the child for a period of at least 30 days.

After adoption

Many adoptive parents find it important to find support after the adoption. Take advantage of all the resources available to your family -- whether it’s another adoptive family, a support group, an advocacy organization, or your religious or community services. 

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Procedure of adoption in Brazil

In the first case, it is necessary for the foreigner residing in Brazil to own a Permanent Residence Visa in order to adopt a child or adolescent. After this, the application will follow the same process as a Brazilian person. 

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Adoption program

The Brazil Adoption Program is Hand In Hand’s newest adoption program.  We are thrilled to announce that Brazil has made it official and Hand In Hand will be approved to begin helping families who want to adopt children from Brazil...

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