WHAT CHILDREN ARE AVAILIBLE FOR ADOPTION IN BRAZIL?

Because Brazil is party to the Hague Adoption Convention, children from Brazil must meet the requirements of the Convention in order to be eligible for adoption. For example, the Convention requires that Brazil attempt to place a child with a family in-country before determining that a child is eligible for intercountry adoption.

Children over the age of 12 will have to agree to their adoption.

Extended family and other immediate relatives will have priority to adopt a child.

HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO ADOPT A CHILD FROM BRAZIL?

The length of process may vary depending on many factors, but in general the duration of process is between 3 months to three years. 

ARE SINGLES ALLOWED TO ADOPT FROM BRAZIL?

There are no marriage requirements for adoption in Brazil.

WHO IS ELIGIBLE TO ADOPT FROM BRAZIL?

Brazilian law requires foreign prospective adoptive parents to live in Brazil with the prospective adoptive child for 30 days prior to the adoption.

Persons over the age of 18 may adopt, regardless of marital status. The adopting party must be at least 16 years older than the potential adoptee.

Adults over the age of 18 may adopt, regardless of marital status.

WILL MY FAMILY HAVE ANY POST ADOPTION REQUIREMENTS ONCE I BRING MY CHILD HOME?

According to Brazilian law, there are post-adoption requirements of adoptive parents. Adoptees may have access to their background records after the age of 18; before the age of 18 access to background records is only granted with judicial approval.

Brazilian legislation requires ASPs to send post-adoption follow-up reports to CEJA and ACAF on the adopted children every six months for up to two years after the adoption is granted and/or until the child gets the naturalization certificate; they suggest that PAPs sign a document releasing their privacy act so that Brazilian authorities could be informed about the child's progress and adjustment to the new family;

ACAF may also request ASPs information about an adopted child at any moment and ASPs need to send a copy of the child's naturalization certificate as soon as it is issued to ACAF.