Children from Poland are Caucasian, typically with brown or blonde hair and light eyes. Polish children are placed in orphanages or foster care due to voluntary or involuntary relinquishment by their parents, or the death of their parents. In some cases, parents are simply not able to care for their children due to disability or illness. Most children are cared for in orphanages, which provide excellent care, as well as by foster families.

When adopting from Poland, consider you will be adopting the following:

  • Boys and girls 2 to 16 years old
  • Children between ages 1-8 are typically special needs
  • Two or more siblings at one time

Families considering adopting a child will have access to child’s background information before travel. In most cases, additional information is available upon request.

At the present time, Polish law requires both adoptive parents to have met the child prior to adoption. 


  • Relinquishment:  A single mother may relinquish her parental rights in the family court no earlier than six weeks after giving birth.  The court will make the final decision about the termination of parental rights.
  • Abandonment:  The majority of Polish children eligible for intercountry adoption have been separated from their biological parents, by the court’s decision to terminate their parental rights and to place the children in the foster care.
  • Age of Adoptive Child:  Polish law allows for children younger than age 18 to be adopted.  Children older than 13 must give their consent for adoption.  
  • Sibling Adoptions:  It is usually more difficult to find a suitable family domestically to adopt siblings; therefore, these children are often eligible for intercountry adoption.  Sibling groups, which can range from two to six children, are generally not separated.  An adopting parent would be immediately notified and have priority to adopt if a sibling of a child already adopted becomes eligible for adoptions.
  • Special Needs or Medical Conditions:  Young and healthy children are most often placed with Polish families.  Children with medical conditions or special needs are more likely to be placed for intercountry adoption, even if they are very young.
  • Waiting Period or Foster Care:  Prospective parents adopting children in Poland are not granted temporary care under Polish law.  Children remain in state care or foster care until the adoption is finalized.  While there is no standard or mandatory waiting period between matching and the bonding period, parents typically wait about six months until the first hearing before a judge.  Afterward, the mandatory bonding period lasts between two and four weeks and the standard appeals period following the judge's approval of the adoption is three weeks.  In addition, the civil documents necessary for the child to travel may take between two and three weeks.