India Adoption Process

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India Adoption Costs

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India is party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (Hague Adoption Convention). Intercountry adoption processing in Hague countries is done in accordance with the requirements of the Convention.
In January 2011, India implemented new procedures to provide more centralized processing of intercountry adoptions. In addition to the new guidelines, prospective adoptive parents should be aware of all Indian laws that apply to intercountry adoption. A child can be legally placed with the prospective adoptive parents under the Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act of 1956 (HAMA), the Guardians and Wards Act of 1890 (GAWA), or the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act of 2000 (JJA).

In addition to requirements by the Hague Convention, India also has the following eligibility requirements for prospective adoptive parents (PAPs):

  1. No child may be given in adoption to a couple unless they have at least two years of stable marital relationship.
  2. Couples in live-relationships are not eligible to adopt a child
  3. To adopt a child in the age group of 0-3 years, the maximum combined age of the PAP should be 90 years where in the individual age of the PAPs should not be less than 25 years and more than 50 years (25-50).
  4. To adopt children above 3 years of age, the maximum combined age of the PAPs should be 105 years where in the individual age of the PAPs should not be less than 25 years and more than 55 years (25-55).
  5. In case of single PAP desires to adopt, he or she should not be less than 30 years of age and shall not be above the age of 50 years (30-50). The maximum age shall be 45 years to adopt children in the age group of 0-3 years and 50 years for adopting children above 3 years.
  6. The PAPs should have adequate financial resources to provide a good upbringing to the child.
  7. The PAPs should have good health and should not be suffering from any contagious or terminal disease or any such mental or physical condition, which many prevent them from taking care of the child.
  8. Adoption of a second child is permissible only when the legal adoption of the first child has been finalized, but this is not applicable in case of siblings.
  9. An un-married or single male person is not permitted to adopt a girl child.